Friday, September 28, 2007

Organizational Structures in PMP

In most company, the organization is structured into 6 models. They are Functional, Weak Matrix, Balance Matrix, Strong Matrix, Projectized and Composite models. Details of each structure and the attributes of the project manager are listed below:

Functional

Functional organizations are entities that have a clear division regarding business units and their associated responsibility. Project managers in functional organizations have the following attributes:
  • Little power
  • Little autonomy
  • Report directly to a functional manager
  • The project manager may be known as a Project Coordinator or Team Leader
  • The project manager's role is part-time
  • The project team is part-time
  • The project manager may have little or no administrative staff to expedite the project management activities

Matrix Structure

Matrix structures are organizations that have a blend of departmental duties and employees together on a common project. The project team member to be from multiple departments working toward the project completion. Team member will report to multiple project managers and functional managers.

Weak Matrix

In a weak matrix structure, the project team may come from different departments but the project manager reports directly to the functional manager. The project manager has the following attributes:

  • Limited authority
  • Management of a part-time project team
  • Project role is part-time
  • May be known as a project coordinator or team leader
  • May have part-time administrative staff to help expedite the project

Balance Matrix

In a balance matrix, the project manager has more time and power regarding the project than a weak matrix. The attributes of a project manager in this structure are:

  • Reasonable authority
  • Management of a part-time project team
  • Full-time role as a Project Manager
  • May have part-time administrative staff to help expedite the project

Strong Matrix

Strong matrix equates to a strong project manager. The project manager has the power and time required for the project. The attributes are:

  • A reasonable to high level of power
  • Management of a part-time to nearly full time project team
  • Full-time role as a Project Manager
  • Has a full-time administrative staff to help expedite the project

Projectized Structure

The project manager in a projectized structure may have complete power over the project team. Project manager in a projectized structure enjoy a high level of autonomy over their projects but also have a higher level of responsibility regarding the project success. The attributes are:

  • High to complete authority over the project
  • Work full-time on the project with his team
  • Has a full-time administrative staff to help expedite the project

Composite Organizations

A composite organization is a blend of multiple organization types as listed above.

2 comments:

masmytos said...

Hi

I like this post:

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Source: Time management matrix

Best rgs
Peter

Olivia Jennifer said...

I would say that a PMP Certification is highly respected within both IT & non-IT communities where strong project management skills are required. If you plan on a long term career as a project manager, then yes, even with your level of experience, I would suggest getting your PMP. You can prepare yourself for the exam in one of the PMP trainingproviders like http://www.pmstudy.com/. You can do minimal prep-work to get 40 PMI® Contact Hours and apply to PMI for PMP Exam before the class begins.

Recommended Books on PMP

Suggested Study Materials

  • PMP-Preparation Recommended Books
  • PMP Exam Prep, Fifth Edition: Rita's Course in a Book for Passing the PMP Exam
  • A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge, Third Edition (PMBOK Guides)
  • The PMP Exam: How to Pass On Your First Try (Test Prep series)