Tips on taking the PMP exam
The PMP certification examination is a computer-based exam that is offered at PMI locations in the United States, Canada, and in other countries worldwide.The exam is based on information from the entire project management body of knowledge. The “Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge” (PMBOK), which is published by PMI, provides an outline of the topics covered.
Because the exam is computer based, participants can find out how they scored by reading the detailed report on performance that is available when the exam is completed.
Questions on the PMP exam are grouped by project management processes.The basic PMP exam is not industry specific. The PMI Certificate of Added Qualification (CAQ), which tests your knowledge of a particular industry, can be added to certify your expertise in Information Technology Project Management, Establishing a Project Management Office, and Project Management in the Automotive Industry.Tips for taking the PMP examPassing the PMP exam requires extensive preparation. Use the following tips and techniques as part of that preparation, which should also include developing a comprehensive understanding of the PMBOK concepts and terminology, practicing previous exam questions when possible, and attending a few project management-training courses.
- There are certain questions that contain extra information. This information is irrelevant and it does not relate to the correct answer. Beware of such questions and remember it isn't necessary to use all the information provided to answer the question.
- Each question has only one correct answer. You need to select the most appropriate answer. Beware of choices that represent true statements but are not relevant. Be sure to read all the options before you select any one.
- You need to answer the questions from a PMI perspective—not from your own perspective, which you acquired through experience. Remember that PMI is trying to present an ideal environment for project managers that might be different from your own experience.
- Beware of answer choices that represent generalizations, which may be characterized by words such as always, never, must, or completely; these are often the incorrect choices.
- Look out for choices that represent special cases. These choices tend to be correct and are characterized by words such as often, sometimes, may, generally, and perhaps.
- The correct answer may not be grammatically correct.
PMI concept-oriented tips
- The project manager takes an active approach to the job by not waiting until a risk materializes and becomes a problem. This is an extremely important concept that might affect many questions on an exam. The project manager does not escalate problems to upper management or to the customer before fully analyzing them and identifying options. When answering a question related to what the project manager should do in a specific situation, you should rephrase the question to: What is the first thing the project manager will do given such a situation and given his or her proactive nature?
- Assume that lessons learned and historical databases are available. This might not be true in a real life situation.
- PMI does not approve adding extra functionality without benefits or gold plating.
- Project managers have all kinds of soft and hard skills.
- The Work Breakdown Structures (WBSs) are wonderful tools.
- Roles and responsibilities need to be properly defined.
- You should memorize all formulas, especially the Earned Value and PERT.
- Practice eliminating the completely implausible options first.
- There is no penalty for guessing; thus, do not leave any question blank.
- There will always be those situations where you have no idea what the question is asking.
- Use educated guessing to select the most appropriate option. Remember, you have only 80 seconds for each question. If you do not know the answer of a question, mark it and move on and revisit it later if you have time.
- Answer the questions based on the PMBOK concepts first, then consider your experience. If they are in conflict, the PMBOK wins.